Appendix A

Answers to Questions

Q: Is truth progressive?

A: The word "progressive" indicates movement. Webster defines progressive as "moving forward or onward—advancing." Truth does not change. Our understanding of truth may and can change. We can and need to understand more and more of the unchanging truth.

 

Ephesians 3:17–18 That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; And to know the lvoe of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God."

And the years of eternity, as they roll, will bring richer and still more glorious revelations of God and of Chirst. As knowldege is progressive, so will love, reverence, and happiness increase. The more men learn of God, the greater will be their admiration of His character. As Jesus opens before them the riches of redemption and the amazing achievements in the great controversy with Satan, the hearts of the ransomed thrill with more fervent devotion, and with more rapturous joy they sweep the harps of gold, and

 

 

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then thousand times ten thousand and thousands of thousands of voices unite to swell the mighty chorus of praise." {GC 678.1}

An explanation with illustrations:

Our position today as a Christian Church has parallels to that of the Jewish nation. When the words recorded in John 19:15 were spoken: "But they cried out, Away with [him], away with [him], crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar." The Jewish nation severed their connection with God as the official representatives of God on earth. The significance of the Jewish nation losing their position as the official representatives of God on earth affects the fulfillment of the many promises of God to His chosen representatives. While the principles of the promises of God do not change, the specifics of the fulfillment of those promises do change because all of God’s promises are conditional on our response to the promises. For example consider these prophetic promises of God to Israel of old:

Isaiah 54:10 For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.

54:11 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.

54:12 And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.

54:13 And all thy children [shall be] taught of the LORD; and great [shall be] the peace of thy children.

54:14 In righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come near thee.

54:15 Behold, they shall surely gather together, [but] not by me: whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall for thy sake.

54:16 Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in

 

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the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.

54:17 No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue [that] shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This [is] the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness [is] of me, saith the LORD.

Isaiah 60:21 Thy people also [shall be] all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.

Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.

23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

Joel 3:19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence [against] the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land.

Jeremiah 3:20 But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.

Amos 9:14 And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them.

9:15 And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the LORD thy God.

There are many sincere Christians that read these promises and believe that they are going to be fulfilled to literal Israel today or in the near future—because God has promised and His promises cannot fail!

However God has also said:

Malachi 4:5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the

 

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coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:

4:6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.

Nahum 1:3 The LORD [is] slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit [the wicked]: the LORD hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds [are] the dust of his feet.

Nahum 3:1 Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; the prey departeth not;

Nahum 3: 19 [There is] no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?

Hosea 4:17 Ephraim [is] joined to idols: let him alone.

So how do we put this together? God has told us:

"The angels of God in their messages to men represent time as very short. Thus it has always been presented to me. It is true that time has continued longer than we expected in the early days of this message. Our Saviour did not appear as soon as we hoped. But has the Word of the Lord failed? Never! It should be remembered that the promises and the threatenings of God are alike conditional." {Ev 695.1}

Israel did not fulfill the conditions on which the promises of God of continual protection were based. When Israel denied their Messiah, they broke the conditions on which God’s promises were made to them. The position of being God’s representatives passed from the Jewish nation to the Christian church. This is reflected in the writings of the New Testament which are given by God to the church rather than to the Jewish nation, as were the communications from God in the Old Testament.

What does that have to do with us as Christians today? We can

 

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cite at least three parallels:

1. The time that it took for the children of Israel to get from Egypt to the promised land of Canaan is parallel to the time between 1844 when Jesus entered the Most Holy Place and the second coming. God has told us specifically in the writings of Ellen White that the extension of time was due to insubordination and rebellion on the part of the Israelites of old and on our part at this time.

"The delay of the Israelites at Sinai was a necessary part of their discipline. The millions of people had started out from Egypt with enthusiastic hopes and eager expectations of marching direct into the land of their promised inheritance. But instead of this they were compelled to wander up and down in the barren wilderness with no prospect of making a home. This was the result of their own course of disobedience, which placed them in a position where God could not establish them in the promised land. If they carried their murmurings and jealousy into the land with them, they would degenerate as a people, and become more offensive to God than those whom he would drive out before them; for just in proportion as they had received light, and God had manifested his marvelous power to them, would be their sin in distrust and rebellion." {ST, July 29, 1880 par. 8}

"We may have to remain here in this world because of insubordination many more years, as did the children of Israel; but for Christ’s sake, His people should not add sin to sin by charging God with the consequence of their own wrong course of action."—Letter 184, 1901. {Ev 696.3}

Part of the everlasting gospel which seems to be strangely neglected today is the imperative of character and experience development in order to fulfill the plans and purposes of God. The Israelites were delayed entering the promised land because of their slow growth in character maturity required to be able to fulfill God’s plans and purposes for them in Canaan. In the same way, the delay to enter into the heavenly is also caused by our slow growth in character and experience. We need to make God look good in the final test that is going to be brought upon all the earth before Jesus returns.

 

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Tell the people of Him who is "the Chiefest among ten thousand," and the One "altogether lovely," The Song of Soloman 5:10, 16. Words alone cannot tell it. Let it be reflected in the character and manifested in the life. Christ is sitting for His portrait in every disciple. Every one God has predestinated to be "conformed to the image of His Son." Rom. 8:29. In every one Christ’s long-suffering love, His holiness, meekness, mercy, and truth are to be manifested to the world. {DA 826.3}

Jesus is going to return to receive all those who have by His grace developed His character-likeness. For this development Jesus waits and works. This is the cause of His delay. We are the ones delaying the return of our Lord from the far country of heaven.

2. The certainty of the Jews in connection with the promises of God’s protection and favor without regard for the conditions on which those promises were made led them to harden themselves in rebellion against the Babylonians and later the Romans. God told them to submit and co-operate with the Babylonians. The prophets that brought these messages from God were considered traitors to Israel and persecuted. There is a parallel to the certainty of Christians that as members of their church (the Catholic, or the Baptist, Methodist, Evangelical or Seventh-day Adventist church) has the never-failing promises of God without our considering that "all of His promises and threatenings of God are alike conditional." {Ev 695.1} Hebrews 4:1 "Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it."

3. Each step of the Protestant reformation was characterized with advancement of understanding of the truth of God which never changes. Each advance in understanding gathered a group of people around the leader that God used to make the advancement in our understanding of truth. When that leader died, the followers were generally not willing to take the next advanced step in the further understanding of truth. The followers of that leader "kept the faith" of their leader and

 

APPENDIX A ~ 197

refused to advance into the full knowledge, understanding and experience of the truth as it is in Jesus. This is the reason for so many Protestant churches. Each Protestant church came out of the Roman church a certain distance and then refused to go farther in following the expanding view of unchanging truth. In time they went backwards in their comprehension of truth. Today we see great efforts to get all churches together "on points of doctrine that they hold in common." This would come to pass at the expense of truth that the founders of the various Protestant churches were willing to die for. Instead of giving up the truths that separate Protestant churches, we should be willing to advance in our understanding of truth even if it means ridicule, sanctions and eventually death. Israel of old refused to advance in their understanding of truth brought to them by various prophets from God. This led to their eventually rejecting their Messiah. May the Lord help us be willing to advance in our knowledge and experience in the truth as it is in Jesus and revealed in Scripture, no matter what the cost.

This last parallel is relevant here in that the interpretation of the time prophecies of Daniel 12 and the understanding and interpretation of the seals and the trumpets of Revelation may change from what our pioneers believed and taught. That which was truth that our pioneers believed and taught is truth, and it is still truth today. But they did not enter into heaven in their day. God saw they needed still more truth to know and to experience. Truth does not change. One thing we know to be true by experience: thus far we have failed as a Christian church to enter into the heavenly Canaan and possess the new earth. May the Lord give us humility and willingness to learn from Him what is lacking on our part. We need to not only comprehend the truth but to enter into the full experience of the everlasting gospel. It is one thing to know the theory of the character, government, and purposes of God; it is another thing to act in accordance with them in the face of world rebellion in the name of world conformity to God. ("They can

 

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honor him only as they have a right conception of his character, government, and purposes, and act in accordance with them." GC 593)

1 Daniel, Page 18, Q. Why quote TM 114 in the context of a discussion on diet?

The "entirely different religious experience" that results from the understanding of the books of Daniel and Revelation results not only from deeper beliefs and spiritual insights but from following Daniel’s example in diet. It is true that we are changed by what we believe. It is also true that we are changed by what we do—involving our lifestyle which includes our diet.

6 Daniel, Page 47, Q. Where does Revelation reveal that history repeats?

Revelation 6:11 reads " And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellow servants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they [were], should be fulfilled." Martyrs being shown shows that there were martyrs in the past. The history of the Dark Ages records millions of martyrs. That there are more "fellow servants" and "brethren" "that should be killed" indicates that history is going to repeat in terms of there being martyrs.

Revelation 2:10 talks of 10 days (years) of persecution—referring to the Dark Ages. Revelation 2:13 names a martyr, Antipas, that was slain in the past.

Revelation 13:15 reads, "And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed." This is indication that history, in terms of there being believers faithful to Jesus being martyred for their faith, is going to repeat in the future. This is Revelation showing history repeating.

Revelation 13:5-7 reads:

And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things

 

APPENDIX A ~ 199

and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty [and] two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations."

Revelation 13:3 tells us that this refers to the beast that had the deadly wound and was healed. History records that the church of Rome ruled the world for 1260 years (42 prophetic months) from 538 AD until 1798 and made war on God’s saints during that time and overcame them with millions being martyred during the Dark Ages. But after this deadly wound was healed, all the world wondered after the beast. Worship is again given the dragon and the beast. And as before, death is decreed for any who do not agree to worship the beast!

Revelation 13:11-18 tells of another beast coming up out of the earth that makes an image to the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. This second beast will persecute and kill those who do not worship the image to the first beast. This is future. This is Revelation showing history repeats in terms of martyrs being killed if they do not go along with the one world religion.

The concept that history repeats is not novel or new. God’s messenger Ellen White tells us that history repeats.

" That which has been, will be, except that the coming struggle will be marked with a terrible intensity such as the world has never witnessed. Satan’s deceptions will be more subtle, his assaults more determined. If it were possible, he would lead astray the elect." Mark 13:22, R.V. {GC xi.1}

Because what is prophesied has been fulfilled in history, and that history and prophetic fulfillment repeats, it does not negate belief in or the value of the initial fulfillment of prophecy. There are examples of this interpretation of prophecy in both Scripture and also in the writings of Ellen White.

On the day of Pentecost, Peter explained the gift of speaking different languages as the fulfillment of prophesy rather than

 

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drunkenness. (Acts 2:15,16) Because the prophesy of Joel 2:28 was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost, it does not mean that there will not be another, future fulfillment in another "latter rain" experience (Deut. 11:14, Job 29:23, Jer. 3:3, Joel 2:23, Zech. 10:1, James 5:7). " As Christ was glorified on the day of Pentecost, so will He again be glorified in the closing work of the gospel, when He shall prepare a people to stand the final test, in the closing conflict of the great controversy" (RH Nov. 29, 1892). {7BC 983.8}

Ellen White speaks many times of an event being the "complete fulfillment" recognizing that there was also a previous "partial fulfillment" of the same prophecy or a further development or completion of the prophecy. " The world is stirred with the spirit of war. The prophecy of the eleventh chapter of Daniel has nearly reached its complete fulfillment. Soon the scenes of trouble spoken of in the prophecies will take place." {9T 14.2}

" The second angel’s message of Revelation 14 was first preached in the summer of 1844, and it then had a more direct application to the churches of the United States, where the warning of the judgment had been most widely proclaimed and most generally rejected, and where the declension in the churches had been most rapid. But the message of the second angel did not reach its complete fulfillment in 1844. The churches then experienced a moral fall, in consequence of their refusal of the light of the advent message; but that fall was not complete. As they have continued to reject the special truths for this time they have fallen lower and lower. Not yet, however, can it be said that "Babylon is fallen,... because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication." She has not yet made all nations do this. The spirit of world conforming and indifference to the testing truths for our time exists and has been gaining ground in churches of the Protestant faith in all the countries of Christendom; and these churches are included in the solemn and terrible denunciation of the second angel. But the work of apostasy has not yet reached its culmination." {GC 389.2} (emphasis supplied)

" Now [the future time of trouble] is reached the complete fulfillment of those words of the Angel: ‘Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will

 

APPENDIX A ~ 201

bring forth My servant the Branch.’ Christ is revealed as the Redeemer and Deliverer of His people. Now indeed are the remnant ‘men wondered at,’ as the tears and humiliation of their pilgrimage give place to joy and honor in the presence of God and the Lamb. ‘In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even everyone that is written among the living in Jerusalem.’" {5T 476.1} (emphasis supplied)

" By the facts unfolded in the progress of the great controversy, God will demonstrate the principles of His rules of government, which have been falsified by Satan and by all whom he has deceived. His justice will finally be acknowledged by the whole world, though the acknowledgment will be made too late to save the rebellious. God carries with Him the sympathy and approval of the whole universe as step by step His great plan advances to its complete fulfillment. He will carry it with Him in the final eradication of rebellion. It will be seen that all who have forsaken the divine precepts have placed themselves on the side of Satan, in warfare against Christ. When the prince of this world shall be judged, and all who have united with him shall share his fate, the whole universe as witnesses to the sentence will declare, ‘Just and true are Thy ways, Thou King of saints.’ Revelation 15:3." {PP 79.1} (emphasis supplied)

" The Lord Himself revealed to His servant John the mysteries of the book of Revelation, and He designs that they shall be open to the study of all. In this book are depicted scenes that are now in the past, and some of eternal interest that are taking place around us; other of its prophecies will not receive their complete fulfillment until the close of time, when the last great conflict between the powers of darkness and the Prince of heaven will take place" (RH Aug. 31, 1897). {7BC 954.3} (emphasis supplied)

7 Daniel, page 50, Q. What is the investigative judgment?

The Judgment is a Biblical teaching. In Exodus 28:15 the attire of the High Priest that represented Jesus, our Great High Priest in the sanctuary in heaven, wears a breastplate that is called "the breastplate of judgment". In Daniel 7:25,26 we see that it is the judgment that ends the oppression of God’s saints. Paul tells us in Hebrews 9:27:

 

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"And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:"

So we see that according to the Bible there is a judgment that comes after death. The Bible also teaches that when Jesus comes again that He will bring His rewards with Him. Jesus said in Matthew 16:27:

"For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works."

This means that there is a judgment that is made before the second coming of Jesus in order for every man to be rewarded according to his works. The time of the judgment is announced in Revelation 14:6–7:

"And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters."

It is in the parables of Jesus and in the acted-out pantomime of the gospel in the sanctuary service that all of these parts of the judgment that the Bible speaks of, get put together. The daily service that took place every day of the year acted out the death of Jesus for the sins of the whole world. On one day of the year the day of judgment was acted out. This day was called the Day of Atonement. It was preceded by ten days when trumpets were blown every day to announce the coming of the Day of Atonement. The Day of Atonement is described in Leviticus 16. Verse 30 says that the sins of the people were cleansed so that the people were clean from all their sins before the Lord that day. Verses 29 and 31 says that it was a day to afflict their souls. In 1 John 2:1 the beloved disciple John tells us that the reason he is writing is so that the believers sin not. 1 John 3:5 we are

 

APPENDIX A ~ 203

told that Jesus was manifested to take away our sins. 1 John 3:6 tells us that "whosoever abideth in Him (Jesus) sinneth not." In 1 John 3:8 we are told that Jesus came to destroy the works of the devil. It was prophesied of Jesus in Daniel 9:24 that He would "finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness". In the judgment the separation of the just and wicked is described as separating sheep from goats. Matthew 25:32:

"And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats:"

Partaking of the character of Jesus was illustrated in the Garden of Eden when God clothed Adam and Eve with skins (Genesis 3:21). These skins came from lambs that were slain pointing forward to the death of Jesus on Calvary. This righteousness of Jesus is also illustrated by the wedding garment supplied by the King in the parable told by Jesus in Matthew 22:11–12:

"And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless."

The Bible is consistent in teaching that God works in the context of the reality that He has created. The reality is that in order to conduct a judgment, the facts must be known. There must be an investigation to document the facts. God told Abraham in Genesis 18:21 that He had come to investigate Sodom before The Investigative Judgment

The Judgment is a Biblical teaching. In Exodus 28:15 the attire of the High Priest that represented Jesus, our Great High Priest in the sanctuary in heaven, wears a breastplate that is called "the breastplate of judgment". In Daniel 7:25,26 we see that it is the judgment that ends the oppression of God’s saints. Paul tells us in Hebrews 9:27 "And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:" So we see that according to the Bible

 

204 ~ THE EVERLASTING GOSPEL IN DANIEL AND REVELATION

there is a judgment that comes after death. The Bible also teaches that when Jesus comes again that He will bring His rewards with Him. Jesus said in Matthew 16:27 "For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works." This means that there is a judgment that is made before the second coming of Jesus in order for every man to be rewarded according to his works. The time of the judgment is announced in Revelation 14:6,7 "And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters."

It is in the parables of Jesus and in the acted-out pantomime of the gospel in the sanctuary service that all of these parts of the judgment that the Bible speaks of, get put together. The daily service that took place every day of the year acted out the death of Jesus for the sins of the whole world. On one day of the year the day of judgment was acted out. This day was called the Day of Atonement. It was preceded by ten days when trumpets were blown every day to announce the coming of the Day of Atonement. The Day of Atonement is described in Leviticus 16. Verse 30 says that the sins of the people were cleansed so that the people were clean from all their sins before the Lord that day. Verses 29 and 31 says that it was a day to afflict their souls. In 1 John 2:1 the beloved disciple John tells us that the reason he is writing is so that the believers sin not. 1 John 3:5 we are told that Jesus was manifested to take away our sins. 1 John 3:6 tells us that "whosoever abideth in Him (Jesus) sinneth not." In 1 John 3:8 we are told that Jesus came to destroy the works of the devil. It was prophesied of Jesus in Daniel 9:24 that He would "finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness". In the judgment the separation of the just and wicked is described as separating sheep from goats. Matthew 25:

 

APPENDIX A ~ 205

32 "And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth [his] sheep from the goats:"

Partaking of the character of Jesus was illustrated in the Garden of Eden when God clothed Adam and Eve with skins (Genesis 3:21). These skins came from lambs that were slain pointing forward to the death of Jesus on Calvary. This righteousness of Jesus is also illustrated by the wedding garment supplied by the King in the parable told by Jesus in Matthew 22:11,12 "And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless."

The Bible is consistent in teaching that God works in the context of the reality that He has created. The reality is that in order to conduct a judgment, the facts must be known. There must be an investigation to document the facts. God told Abraham in Genesis 18:21 that He had come to investigate Sodom before judgment came on that city. Putting all of this Biblical teaching on the judgment together, it is possible to understand that we are living in the time of the investigative judgment and have been since the time announced in Daniel 8:14 when the sanctuary would be cleansed. The investigative judgment that is going on now determines if those who claim the righteousness of Jesus are indeed righteous. The investigative judgment will soon pass from investigating the lives of the dead to the living, to see if they in fact did or did not put on the garment of Christ’s righteousness. Once all who are alive have matured in their decision to surrender all to Christ or not, probation will close. Probation closes with the maturation of the decision to surrender to Christ or not to surrender. Then the investigative phase of the judgment of God will close and Jesus will come to separate the sheep from the goats. At the second coming of Jesus, rewards are given according to our works that show the reality of our faith and acceptance or non-acceptance of the gift of salvation. Then will the second phase of the judgment begin when the saints shall judge the world (1 Corinthians 6:2)

 

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and be satisfied that the judgment ruled out on the wicked is fair. This will happen during the thousand years that the saints are in heaven with Jesus. After that, the third or executive phase of the judgment will take place. The wicked that were destroyed by the brightness of the second coming will be resurrected. They will be led to see God’s fairness and righteousness in judgment. All created intelligent beings will understand God’s love and wisdom and justice in putting an end to sin and sinners. Then and only then will the destruction of the wicked will be fully accomplished when Jesus and His saints return to earth at the end of the thousand years as described in Revelation 20.

9 Daniel, page 70, Q. What evidence is there that Daniel 11:45 is future?

It would first need to be established who the "he" is that shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain. Having established who the "he" is, it would be no trouble to determine if he "has come to his end and none shall help him" yet or not. The previous verse tells us that tidings out of the east and north shall trouble him. His response is to go forth with great fury to destroy and utterly make away with many. Verse 43 tells us that he has "power over the treasures of gold and of silver and over all the precious things of Egypt." Egypt is a code word for atheism. Pharaoh asked the question, "Who [is] the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go." Exodus 5:2 We know that Jesus was crucified outside of old Jerusalem, but in Revelation 11:8, He is said to have been crucified in the great city that is spiritually called Sodom and Egypt. This I see as evidence that the "he" of Daniel 11:45 has control of the monetary system of the world according to verse 43 of Daniel 11. Other identifying features are given in verses 36-38 which tell us that he "will do according to his will" and "exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished." God gives us some insight on Daniel 11:36:

 

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This compromise between paganism and Christianity resulted in the development of "the man of sin" foretold in prophecy as opposing and exalting himself above God. That gigantic system of false religion is a masterpiece of Satan’s power—a monument of his efforts to seat himself upon the throne to rule the earth according to his will. {GC 50.1}

It should be obvious that there is only one religio-political system that meets the criteria noted in Daniel 11; that is the Papacy. Because the Papacy has not yet come to its end without anyone helping it, I believe that is strong evidence that Daniel 11:45 is future.

The next verse in Scripture tells us the timing of the Papacy planting its tabernacles of its palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain, it is when Michael stands up and there is a time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation. It should be self-evident that this has not yet happened, at least not on a global, world-wide basis. So the short answer to give evidence that Daniel 11:45 is still future is that the Papacy has not come to its end yet, without any help.

10 Daniel, page 72, Q. What is the evidence for 1260 literal days in the future?

The day for a year interpretation of Bible prophecy is valid up until the time that the announcement is made with a solemn oath in Revelation 10:5,6:

And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer."

This announcement is made between the 6th and 7th trumpets. We have a divinely inspired explanation as to the meaning of this announcement.

This time, which the angel declares with a solemn oath, is not the end of

 

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this world’s history, neither of probationary time, but of prophetic time, which should precede the advent of our Lord. That is, the people will not have another message upon definite time. After this period of time, reaching from 1842 to 1844, there can be no definite tracing of the prophetic time. The longest reckoning reaches to the autumn of 1844. {7BC 971.7}

This announcement that prophetic time has ended is associated with another solemn announcement also by Jesus. In Daniel 12:7,Jesus raises both hands to heaven and swears again by God, the Father, "that [it shall be] for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these [things] shall be finished."

What are these things that shall be finished? Daniel 12:1–3 describes a time of trouble, such as never was since nations began. The promise is that God’s people shall be delivered, those that are found written in the book; a resurrection—"some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt; and they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever." These are the things spoken of just before this solemn statement or oath in verse 7. In connection with the statement or oath in verse 7 is mention of "he" that shall accomplish to scatter the power of the holy people. The question asked in verse 6 was "How long shall it be to the end of these wonders?" The answer to that question, preceded by the solemn oath and lifting hands to heaven, was that it would be "for a time, times, and an half".

With this Scriptural data in mind, I would suggest several reasons why this time period is future and why it is literal time.

1. All these things spoken of in the context are future. None of the things spoken of in context are in the past. If the things that the time periods take place in are future, then the time periods themselves must also be future.

2. The focal point in the completion of the great controversy is the accomplishment of the purpose of the life and death of Jesus and the proclamation of the everlasting gospel. This

 

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accomplishment is spoken of in Zechariah 3:4,5. The taking away of the filthy garments and clothing Joshua (representing the people of God) with a change of raiment happens at a point in time. Putting on a fair mitre on the head and changing clothes is represented as happening at a point in time. 1260 years of time does not fit this for a future time frame for something that is going to happen at a point in time. The divine commentary on Zechariah 3 puts this at the end of time.

Now is reached the complete fulfillment of the words of the Angel: "Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth My Servant the Branch." Zechariah 3:8. Christ is revealed as the Redeemer and Deliverer of His people. Now indeed are the remnant "men wondered at," as the tears and humiliation of their pilgrimage give place to joy and honor in the presence of God and the Lamb. "In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even everyone that is written among the living in Jerusalem." Isaiah 4:2, 3. {PK 592.1}

3. Jesus told us that all of the signs of His second coming would take place within one generation. Matthew 24:34 " Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled." A long time period that exceeds one generation of time cannot fit the time frame of the prophetic fulfillment of the last events mentioned in Daniel 12.

4. In Isaiah 66, God tells us about the new earth. What God tells us there includes the rhetorical questions, " Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? [or] shall a nation be born at once?" (Is. 66:8). The question is answered in the same verse: "for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children." Birth is an event that takes hours not years to accomplish. Literal time, not prophetic time—a day-for-a-year—is indicated as a time frame.

5. The thousand years in Revelation is understood to be a literal

 

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one thousand years, not prophetic day-for-a-year time frame which would give 360,000 years for the earth to be desolate while Satan is bound. In the same way the Daniel 12 time periods come at the end of the world and are literal and not prophetic day-for-a-year fulfillment.

6. We are told by God’s messenger, Ellen White, that the final movements in this world’s history will be rapid.

"The days in which we live are solemn and important. The Spirit of God is gradually but surely being withdrawn from the earth. Plagues and judgments are already falling upon the despisers of the grace of God. The calamities by land and sea, the unsettled state of society, the alarms of war, are portentous. They forecast approaching events of the greatest magnitude. The agencies of evil are combining their forces, and consolidating. They are strengthening for the last great crisis. Great changes are soon to take place in our world, and the final movements will be rapid ones."—{Testimonies, vol. 9, p. 11.}

The final movements being rapid are compatible with a 1260 day period but not with a 1260 year period being the meaning of a "time, times, and a half a time" of Daniel 12:7.

7. It would be out of order for the 1260 years of Papal persecution from 538 AD to 1798 to be announced with a solemn oath by Jesus, after Michael stands up indicating the close of probation in Daniel 12:1 and the commencement of the time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation.

11 Daniel, page 72, Q. What is the evidence that the "daily" is atheism?

The "daily" of Daniel 8:11–13; 11:31; 12:11, has been a subject of much interest and discussion through the years. My current understanding is that most believers have today accepted what our pioneers of the Seventh-day Adventist church called "the new view" of the "daily." The "new view" of the "daily" accepts the translators of the King James Version supplied word that is not in the original text, "sacrifice". The "new view" believes that this refers to Christ’s daily ministry in the Holy Place. Jesus ministered

 

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in the holy place of the Sanctuary in heaven from the time of His ascension until He changed phases of His ministry in the Sanctuary in heaven on October 22, 1844 and moved from the holy to the most holy apartment and began the Day of Atonement ministration. This new view of the "daily" is not endorsed by God in the writings of Ellen White, nor is what our pioneers believed, "when nearly all were united on the correct view of the ‘daily.’" On this subject of the "daily" God has given specific instruction:

"Then I saw in relation to the ‘daily’ (Dan. 8:12) that the word ‘sacrifice’ was supplied by man’s wisdom, and does not belong to the text, and that the Lord gave the correct view of it to those who gave the judgment hour cry. When union existed, before 1844, nearly all were united on the correct view of the ‘daily;’ but in the confusion since 1844, other views have been embraced, and darkness and confusion have followed. Time has not been a test since 1844, and it will never again be a test." {EW 74.2}

So the question is—what view of the "daily" was held by the "nearly all" who were united on the correct view of the "daily"? We can turn to the writings of Uriah Smith who reflected what was believed when "nearly all were united on the correct view of the ‘daily.’" In his book The Prophecies of Daniel and the Revelation (Pacific Press Publishing Association, Mountain View, CA copyrighted in 1944) pages 164–166, the "daily" is discussed. On page 270, he states that the "daily" should be associated with the word "desolation." He defines the "daily desolation" as paganism (Pagan Rome) and the "abomination of desolation" as the papacy.

In his discussion (pages 164–166), Smith points out that the Jewish sacrifices were taken away when the veil of the temple was rent in twain at the crucifixion of Christ—a point in time. The question "How long shall be the vision concerning the daily [sacrifice] and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?" (Daniel 8:13) would not apply to something that happened at a point in time. Smith points out that the question of Daniel 8:13 literally understood in the text is "How long shall be the vision [concerning] the continuance and the transgression of desolation?" He states

 

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that the word "desolation" is related to both "continuance" and "transgression." Smith then adds, "as though it were expressed in full thus: ‘The continuance of desolation and the transgression of desolation.’" Smith then points out that there have been two desolating powers. Satan has worked through paganism as his chief agency to oppose the work of God on earth up until the transition from paganism, elevating paganism into "Christianity." Smith included Medo-Persia, Greece, and the pagan phase of Rome as all being part of the "daily." Then came the papal form, the "transgression of desolation."

Thus it appears that the "daily" is paganism in all of its forms, which today includes atheism, which is the modern form of paganism—worshiping self in many different forms. The "daily" is also is a continual principle of transforming what God calls evil into "good" by mixing good and evil together. This is the principle in the tree of knowledge of good and evil. We see this idea in many forms. Good and evil, black and white, ying and yang are said to be both necessary and balancing or in proper tension. This is contrasted with the testimony of John concerning the true God. 1 John 1:5 "This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all."

Quoting from other pioneer authors:

" Is it not plain here that Popery took away the daily (i.e. destroyed Paganism) by arms or armies that stood on his (Popery’s part, or side)—11:31." Joseph Bates, THE OPENING HEAVENS, page 30. published 1846

"THERE ARE TWO "DESOLATIONS" IN DAN. 8.—This fact is made so plain by Josiah Litch that we present his words: " `The daily sacrifice’ is the present reading of the English text. But no such thing as sacrifice is found in the original. This is acknowledged on all hands. It is a gloss or construction put on it by the translators. The true reading is, `the daily and the transgression of desolation,’ daily and transgression being connected together by `and;’ the daily desolation and the transgression of desolation. They are two desolating powers, which were to desolate the sanctuary and the host.""—Prophetic Expositions, Vol. i, page 127. Quoted by J. N.

 

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Andrews The Sanctuary and the 2300 Days page 33

There are also two sanctuaries. Quoting further from J. N. Andrews,

" To the careful reader this fact will at once appear. They are as follows: First, the sanctuary of the daily desolation. Verse 11; 11:31. Second, the sanctuary which the daily and the transgression of desolation were to tread under foot. Verses 13, 14. The one is the sanctuary of Satan; the other is the sanctuary of the Lord of hosts. The one is the dwelling place of "all the gods;" the other is the habitation of the only living and true God. If it be said that a sanctuary is never connected with heathen and idolatrous worship, we cite the direct testimony of the Bible. Heathen Moab had a sanctuary. And that sanctuary was a place of prayer and worship for that heathen nation. Isa. 16:12. The chapel erected by the king of Israel at Bethel, as a rival to the temple of God at Jerusalem (1 Kings 12:27, 31-33) was called his sanctuary. Amos 7:13, margin. And the places in which idolatrous Israel (the ten tribes) worshiped, are called sanctuaries. Amos 7:9. The same is true of idolatrous Tyre. Eze. 28:18." J. N. Andrews The Sanctuary and the 2300 Days page 37,38.

Daniel 8:11–14 is clearly and beautifully understood with this understanding of the "daily".

Daniel 8:11 tells us that the papacy (the little horn of Daniel 8:9) waxed great against paganism and removed the opposition of paganism and took over the sanctuary of paganism. With the help of Strong’s Concordance we can learn the meaning of the original words without being a Hebrew scholar! The word "daily" is numbered by Strong 8548 and means "to stretch—continuance; indefinite extension, continual". "Taken" (away) is Strongs 7311 meaning "to rise, or raise, bring up, exalt, extol". The word "sanctuary" in verse 11 contrasts with the same word in verses 13 and 14. In verse 11 the word "sanctuary" is Strong’s 4720 meaning consecrated place, palace or sanctuary for Jehovah or idols. In verse 13 "sanctuary" is Strong’s 6944 which means holy place which is the same word used in verse 14 as "sanctuary". "Cast" (down) in Daniel 8:11 is Strong’s 7993 meaning to throw out, down, or away. So in the original Hebrew we see that the little horn elevates and extols the continual (desolation) and the palace

 

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of his idol temple was thrown out, down and away.

Daniel 8:12 tells us that an army (host) was given to the little horn that came against the continual (desolation) because of transgressions, and the little horn cast down the truth to the ground, and "practiced and prospered."

Daniel 8:13, the question is asked, "How long, the vision, the daily, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the holy place and the host (Strong’s 6635 mass of persons, army or multitude) to be trodden under foot?

Daniel 8:14 answers the question: Unto 2300 days, then shall the holy place be cleansed, justified, (Strong’s 6663 made right).

We understand from history that the 2300 days means, in this context, 2300 years. This time extended from 457 BC when the decree was issued again to rebuild Jerusalem—pinpointing the time for the life and death of Jesus on the cross of Calvary, and extending down to the start of the Day of Atonement in the heavenly sanctuary on October 22, 1844.

This "daily" principle is still being used by Satan and is still continually with us. Satan continually tries to mix truth and error—trying to elevate error by mixing it with truth. Politically, the same taking away of the "daily" resistance to God in modern paganism (resisting the commandments in a courthouse and resisting prayer in public shools, etc.) will pave the way for the "abomination that makes desolate" (the elevating of paganism into "Christianity" in a one world religion). We see the details of this process shown us in Revelation 13. In Daniel 12:11 we are given the time-frame for the final repeat of this process—1290 days.

Jesus talked about the "abomination of desolation" spoken of by Daniel in Matthew 24:15. Commenting on this, Ellen White wrote,

"Jesus declared to the listening disciples the judgments that were to fall upon apostate Israel, and especially the retributive vengeance that would come upon them for their rejection and crucifixion of the Messiah. Unmistakable signs would precede the awful climax. The dreaded hour would come suddenly and swiftly. And the Saviour warned his followers: ‘When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place (whoso readeth, let him understand), then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains.’

 

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[Matt. 24:15, 16; Luke 21:20.] When the idolatrous standards of the Romans should be set up in the holy ground, which extended some furlongs outside the city walls, then the followers of Christ were to find safety in flight. When the warning sign should be seen, those who would escape must make no delay. Throughout the land of Judea, as well as in Jerusalem itself, the signal for flight must be immediately obeyed. He who chanced to be upon the housetop must not go down into his house, even to save his most valued treasures. Those who were working in the fields or vineyards must not take time to return for the outer garment laid aside while they should be toiling in the heat of the day. They must not hesitate a moment, lest they be involved in the general destruction." {GC88 26.1}

History tells us those who believed what Jesus told them, escaped and not one Christian died in the destruction of old Jerusalem.

We are told that the destruction of old Jerusalem is a symbol or type of the destruction of the whole world at the end of time.

" From the fall of Jerusalem the thoughts of Jesus passed to a wider judgment. In the destruction of the impenitent city He saw a symbol of the final destruction to come upon the world. He said, ‘Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?’ By the green tree, Jesus represented Himself, the innocent Redeemer. God suffered His wrath against transgression to fall on His beloved Son. Jesus was to be crucified for the sins of men. What suffering, then, would the sinner bear who continued in sin? All the impenitent and unbelieving would know a sorrow and misery that language would fail to express." {DA 743.2}

The time frame of the repeat of history at the end of the world when again the "daily" will be taken away and the abomination that maketh desolate set up is given to all who will believe in Daniel 12:11. Again, those who believe the words of Jesus, when they see the signs of the end of the world, flee to the "Stronghold" in Jesus, not one of them will be destroyed in the final destruction of the whole world.