Daniel Chapter 8


Daniel Chapter 8


8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, [even unto] me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.

8:2 And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I [was] at Shushan [in] the palace, which [is] in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.

8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had [two] horns: and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.



8:5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes.

8:6 And he came to the ram that had [two] horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.

8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant [land].

8:10 And it waxed great, [even] to the host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

8:11 Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

8:12 And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.

8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain [saint] which spake, How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

8:14 And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

8:15 And it came to pass, when I, [even] I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man.

8:16 And I heard a man’s voice between [the banks of] Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this [man] to understand the vision.



8:17 So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end [shall be] the vision.

8:18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.

8:19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end [shall be].

8:20 The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia.

8:21 And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia: and the great horn that [is] between his eyes [is] the first king.

8:22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.

8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify [himself] in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

8:26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told [is] true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it [shall be] for many days.

8:27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick [certain] days; afterward I rose up, and did the king’s business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood [it].

D aniel had the vision of Daniel 8 about two years after the vision recorded in Daniel 7. Usher dates Daniel 7 at 555 BC and Daniel 8 at 553 BC. In Daniel 8 the same kingdoms are shown again. This time, the starting point is with the second kingdom. Different animals are shown to represent the kingdoms from those used in Daniel 7. Rams and goats are animals used in the sacrifi



cial ritual of the everlasting gospel representing Jesus, the Lamb of God. Thus, using sacrificial animals to represent the kingdoms indicates that the underlying religious aspects of the kingdoms are portrayed and emphasized. It may be that all wars in all time have had a religious component. There is no doubt as to the meaning of the symbols. God Himself identifies what He is showing the prophet. Verse 20 identifies the ram with two horns as Medo-Persia. Verse 21 tells us that the rough goat is the king of Grecia and the great horn is the first king, which history tells us is Alexander the Great. Verse 22 foretells of the breakup of Alexander’s kingdom among his four generals. Verses 23 to 26 foretells the persecution of God’s people and pagan Rome’s stand against Jesus, the Prince of princes. The recurring statement of the destruction of all who fight against God and Jesus is again made: "but he shall be broken without hand."

In the heart of Daniel chapter 8 it is foretold when the investigative judgment should start, to the very day! Having again reviewed the activity of the little horn starting with verse 9, it says in verse 11 that the little horn (papal Rome) would take away the "daily". The next word in the KJV, "sacrifice," is supplied by the KJV translators who show it to be a supplied word by putting it in italics. What the Scripture is telling us is that papal Rome will take away the power of pagan Rome and place itself in the sanctuary of pagan Rome. This is what God calls in verse 13 "the transgression of desolation." History records that papal Rome was established on the seat of pagan Rome. It is apparent that the Roman church has brought paganism into Christianity. This is so distressing to heaven that Daniel heard saints asking the question, "How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?" (v. 13) The answer is given in verse 14: "And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed."

The investigative judgment7 was foretold in the pantomimed or acted out everlasting gospel in the sanctuary service of the Hebrews. The sanctuary services all pointed to and culminated



in the annual Day of Atonement. It was on the Day of Atonement that the sanctuary was cleansed of the record of forgiven sins. The "Lord’s goat" represented Jesus and His life and death that made transfer of sin possible. The sins in symbol were then put on the head of the scapegoat. Satan is the author of sin and he is responsible for bringing sin into the universe. Justice demands that the sin-originator have placed on him all the sins that have been confessed and repented of and transferred from the sinner by the merits and through the work of Jesus. The scapegoat was let go free in the wilderness by the hand of a fit man. Thus ended the typical Day of Atonement. All the sacrifices of the sanctuary services pointed forward to Jesus, the Lamb of God. On the typical Day of Atonement, the Lord’s goat, representing Jesus was slain and the blood taken into the Most Holy place and in type all of the sins were forgiven and the sanctuary cleansed. The sins were then put onto the scapegoat that represented Satan, the cause of sin—and let go in the wilderness. This was a representation and a prophecy of the thousand years detailed in Revelation 20 when Satan will be bound to this earth. It will be empty of people and broken up after all the current world wars are ended with the second coming of Jesus. The antitypical day of atonement is in process now. The investigative judgment is going on in heaven now. Now is when all who have confessed their sins are going to be forgiven by Jesus, our Great High Priest, who is now ministering in the Most Holy Place of the true sanctuary in heaven. When the investigative judgment is completed, the sins that Jesus has forgiven by His sinless life and undeserved death, are going to be put on Satan. He will suffer for the forgiven sins that he has caused by his temptations. What God is waiting for is a statistically significant number of people who will let Him remove sin from their lives completely and fully now during this antitypical Day of Atonement. Cleansing our hearts of the love of sin and of sin itself is what the phrase "cleansing the sanctuary" means. When the hearts of God’s people on earth are cleansed from sin, then the record of their sins can be finally and forever blotted out. The confessed and forgiven sins can then be put



on Satan to carry them on this broken and desolate earth for a thousand years. The final phase of the judgment will take place after the thousand years. This is what the everlasting gospel is all about—the cleansing of God’s people and the universe from sin!

Christ is in the heavenly sanctuary, and he is there to make an atonement for the people. He is there to present his wounded side and pierced hands to his Father. He is there to plead for his Church that is upon the earth. He is cleansing the sanctuary from the sins of the people. What is our work? It is our work to be in harmony with the work of Christ. By faith we are to work with him, to be in union with him. {RH, January 28, 1890 par. 7}

Using the day for a year principle referred to above, the details of this 2300 year-day longest time period in prophetic history are worked out as further disclosed in the next chapter of Daniel.