Daniel Chapter 9

 

Daniel Chapter 9

  

9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;

9:2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

9:3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

9:4 And I prayed unto the LORD my God, and made my confession, and said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments;

9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from thy judgments:

9:6 Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.

9:7 O Lord, righteousness [belongeth] unto thee, but unto us

 

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confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, [that are] near, and [that are] far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee.

9:8 O Lord, to us [belongeth] confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee.

9:9 To the Lord our God [belong] mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against him;

9:10 Neither have we obeyed the voice of the LORD our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets.

9:11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by departing, that they might not obey thy voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that [is] written in the law of Moses the servant of God, because we have sinned against him.

9:12 And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil: for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem.

9:13 As [it is] written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet made we not our prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand thy truth.

9:14 Therefore hath the LORD watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us: for the LORD our God [is] righteous in all his works which he doeth: for we obeyed not his voice.

9:15 And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten thee renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly.

9:16 O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people [are become] a reproach to all [that are] about us.

9:17 Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy

 

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sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord’s sake.

9:18 O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousnesses, but for thy great mercies.

9:19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.

9:20 And whiles I [was] speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God;

9:21 Yea, whiles I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.

9:22 And he informed [me], and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding.

9:23 At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to show [thee]; for thou [art] greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.

9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

9:25 Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week:

 

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and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

D aniel read in Jeremiah 25:12, and 29:10 that the Babylonian captivity would last 70 years. It is interesting that this prophecy was given in real time and not in prophetic time. In the same way, when the time arrives for repeat prophecy to be fulfilled and the time for the complete and final fulfillment of prophecy to take place, it will also be in real and not in prophetic time. The prophecy of the thousand years of Revelation 20 is understood in real time—not in the day-for-a-year prophetic time. And so we need wisdom from God to know which prophecies are to be understood in literal and which in prophetic time. One rule does not fit all! As the time came for the captivity to end, Daniel started praying earnestly that the captivity would end. This seems to be a principle, a condition for the realization of a promise. It is written in Zechariah 10:1, "Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; [so] the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field." We are living in the time of the promised latter rain outpouring of the Holy Spirit. However, unless we are praying for the latter rain, during the time of the latter rain, God is limited in fulfilling His promise for us. Similarly, Daniel began earnest prayer for the fulfillment of the promise of the end of the captivity as the time for its fulfillment came due. We are in captivity. We are strangers and pilgrims in a world that is promised to be renewed. We should, as Daniel, be praying that the Lord will fulfill His promise and make this world new again. Daniel’s prayer is a model for us today. God has been only faithful to us. We have sinned. The trouble in our lives is a result of our or others’ sins. Yet God is faithful and turns everything bad into good for us if we will let Him. Daniel prays for forgiveness of the sins that he personally did not commit. He has suffered the consequences of sins that he personally had no part in. In these ways Daniel represents Jesus. We too have the privilege of praying

 

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for ourselves and for others—that opens the treasure house of heaven. God always does above and beyond all that we ask or think! Daniel’s prayer was answered in verses 20 to the end of the chapter.for forgiveness for sins of others. In this way we too can model the life of Jesus. Confession of sin and the request for forgiveness—is the key in the hand of faith

In response to Daniel’s prayer, more than assurance that the captivity had ended was given him.

The details of the 2300 day-year prophecy were given. On release from the Babylonian captivity, 70 weeks—or 490 years using the day-year principle—are cut off from the 2300 years in which to prepare for the first coming of the Messiah. It was shown to Daniel that there is going to be a decree that would mark the beginning of this longest time prophecy in Scripture. More than one decree was made that the Jews could return to Jerusalem. However, the last decree that set the time clock in motion was that of the Persian emperor Artaxerxes Longimanus, granted to Ezra in 457 BC. Details of these decrees and their dates can be found in Uriah Smith’s Daniel and Revelation, chapter 9. Verse 26 outlines the timetable for Jesus’ life and death. Verse 27 states that in the "midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease." Jesus was born of Mary "when the fullness of time was come." (Gal. 4:4) He came into His ministry of three and a half years on time. Jesus was cut off in the middle of that week of seven years with His death on Calvary in AD 31. The Jews still had three and a half years of probation. At the end of the last week, Stephen was stoned. The stoning of Stephen marked the close of probation on the Jewish nation as God’s organized church was commissioned with taking the everlasting gospel to the whole world. This commission for taking the everlasting gospel to the world was then given to the Christian church. Every person on earth is called, including the Jews, to come to the wedding—and become part of the bride of Christ—His true church on earth today.

The life and ministry of Jesus establishes the certainty of the time periods of the 2300 years that began with the decree to rebuild Jerusalem in 457 BC. This time period reached to October 22,

 

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1844. The details of the events that took place then were shown to Daniel in chapter 7 verses 13 and 14.

"I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.

"And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed."

William Miller and others around the world who studied the prophecies came to correct conclusions concerning the time. However, they believed, in common with most believers, that this world was the sanctuary to be cleansed. After the passing of the time and Jesus’ not coming to the earth as expected, God first showed devout men who were studying the prophecies the understanding that it was the sanctuary in heaven where Jesus was ministering that was to be cleansed. A short time later, God gave visions to a teenage girl, Ellen Harmon, who married James White and became known as Ellen White. Thus, God revealed the truth that the coming of Jesus to the Ancient of Days was in heaven, not on earth. The sanctuary to be cleansed was in heaven. It is the sanctuary of our hearts, mind, and bodies that needs to be first cleansed, then the sanctuary in heaven can be cleansed to reflect the cleansing of our souls on earth. This is the object and end-point of the everlasting gospel. This is what Jesus promises to do in each heart given Him to dwell in. This is the "hope of glory," "To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory." Colossians 1:27.

Thus, the time of the beginning of the antitypical Day of Atonement was foretold in the prophecies. Jesus knew the timing for His ministry. The present truth of the everlasting gospel that Jesus taught when on earth was based on His knowledge of the prophecies:

 

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"Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God,

"And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel." Mark 1:14, 15

In the same way, we may know what the present truth is in the everlasting gospel we are to preach today. This is also based on the same prophecies that Jesus studied. Our message today is the everlasting gospel given to us in Revelation 14: 6 – 13:

"And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

"Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

"And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

"And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive [his] mark in his forehead, or in his hand,

"The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

"And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

"Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

"And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed [are] the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth:

 

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Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them."

These prophecies of Daniel and Revelation show us our place in the history of the world. We are in the time of the first phase of the final judgment of the world. This judgment comes at the end stages of the everlasting gospel. This is the importance of knowing the prophecies! The prophecies of Daniel and Revelation focus on Jesus and the everlasting gospel. This is present truth. Present truth in the time of Noah was that a flood is coming: "Come into the ark and be saved." Our message today is the same with a different spin. The world is going to be destroyed again. This time the world will be destroyed, not by water, but by fire. There is no physical structure to come into and be saved today. Today, it is Jesus, the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world, that we need to come to. We need to come into in a relationship with Jesus. The only genuine relationship with Jesus is one of repentance, absolute dependence, obedience, and faith. This is the message of the antitypical Day of Atonement that began October 22, 1844, as pointed out in these prophecies.